Cars belonging to the young people
With police statistics and scientific studies it shows that young people are the most common cause accidents on the roads. Too high speed, the desire to impress colleagues or colleagues and little experience in managing vehicle are the main causes of dangerous incidents on the road. It is not surprising that insurers often make the amount of insurance premiums was the age of the holder of the vehicle and the number of road events with his participation. Young people, often breaching the rules of the road are in fact for insurers customers not profitable and that is why they use this kind of preventive measures, such as increasing fees for insurance with every accident.
Old models of agricultural machinery
Automobile is not only cars or motorbikes. Many fans machine collects all sorts of completely different equipment. They are often used to actively vehicles participating in field work. The use of such machines was quickly superseded by more modern equipment, but their nature has not changed. Often these age machines are really worth huge sums of money, and not everyone can afford to buy these stylish devices. Many of them are still working and fulfills its functions in the field. Many agricultural machines from different periods only takes on its value, and for collectors is a real gem. No wonder that organized various meetings and rallies for fans of old tractors, combines and so on.
Intake, induction or suction
Intake, induction or suction: The intake valves are open as a result of the cam lobe pressing down on the valve stem. The piston moves downward increasing the volume of the combustion chamber and allowing air to enter in the case of a CI engine or an air fuel mix in the case of SI engines that do not use direct injection. The air or air-fuel mixture is called the charge in any case.
Compression: In this stroke, both valves are closed and the piston moves upward reducing the combustion chamber volume which reaches its minimum when the piston is at TDC. The piston performs work on the charge as it is being compressed; as a result its pressure, temperature and density increase; an approximation to this behavior is provided by the ideal gas law. Just before the piston reaches TDC, ignition begins. In the case of a SI engine, the spark plug receives a high voltage pulse that generates the spark which gives it its name and ignites the charge. In the case of a CI engine the fuel injector quickly injects fuel into the combustion chamber as a spray; the fuel ignites due to the high temperature.
Power or working stroke: The pressure of the combustion gases pushes the piston downward, generating more work than it required to compress the charge. Complementary to the compression stroke, the combustion gases expand and as a result their temperature, pressure and density decreases. When the piston is near to BDC the exhaust valve opens. The combustion gases expand irreversibly due to the leftover pressure?in excess of back pressure, the gauge pressure on the exhaust port?; this is called the blowdown.
Exhaust: The exhaust valve remains open while the piston moves upward expelling the combustion gases. For naturally aspirated engines a small part of the combustion gases may remain in the cylinder during normal operation because the piston does not close the combustion chamber completely; these gases dissolve in the next charge. At the end of this stroke, the exhaust valve closes, the intake valve opens, and the sequence repeats in the next cycle. The intake valve may open before the exhaust valve closes to allow better scavenging.